I’ve been using a Xen guest under RHEL 5.2 to hold this webserver, and because of failures, I choose to keep a copy of the full disk image on another machine.
Having to transfer the full disk in the network means stop the server (xen guest), rsync the image on disk (wait 40 minutes), then start guest again.
After doing the initial image transfer, it would be easier to just sync updated files, but… how to loop mount a full disk?
In my case, the hdd image contained a partition for
/boot and a partition for a LVM pv.
First, I needed to check Number of cylinders in virtual disk inside Xen Guest. Using fdisk I could check that number, for example, 777.
On the remote system, the one with the full image transferred previously I could then do:
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#!bash fdisk /var/lib/xen/images/GUEST.img -C 777 -l -u # and will yield something like: 255 heads, 63 sectors/track, 777 cylinders, 0 sectores en total Unidades = sectores de 1 * 512 = 512 bytes Disposit. Inicio Comienzo Fin Bloques Id Sistema /var/lib/xen/images/GUEST.img1 * 63 208844 104391 83 Linux /var/lib/xen/images/GUEST.img2 208845 12482504 6136830 8e Linux LVM
In this case, as I want to access my LVM volume, so I need to convert the partition start to a size, so:
#!bash START=512*208845 = 106928640
and then thanks to losetup:
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#!bash libre=`losetup -f` #Get a free loop device losetup -o 106928640 $libre /var/lib/xen/images/GUEST.img #setup the device for the 2nd partition pvscan #scan for LVM's pv vgscan # same for VG lvscan # same for LV's lvchange -a y /dev/GUESTvg #activate LV's on 'GUESTvg' VG
and mount our drives doing
mount /dev/GUESTvg/LVMunit where desired ;)
At this point I can just run:
#!bash rsync -avur —perms —progress —delete remoteserver:/ /mnt/DISKIMAGE
And get a ‘working’ copy of the remote machine but just copying changed elements.